While driving a vehicle stopping distance is calculated on the basis of driver’s thinking of distance, meaning that distance travelled by vehicle before the driver reacts to a hazard on the road and the braking distance, which is how long the vehicle takes to stop once the driver applies the brakes.
The overall stopping distance depends on thinking and the braking distance, and the braking distance further depends on various circumstances. It is these circumstances which affect the overall stopping distance:
- Thinking distance: Thinking distance depends on the driver and also the speed at which the vehicle is travelling. This can be increased by the following factors:
- Drivers tiredness and alertness
- The driver taking drink or drug (legal or illegal)
- Age of the driver-underaged and overaged driver may also have an increased thinking distance
- Lack of concentration of the driver-using mobile phone while driving
- The bad vision of the driver also leads to decrease reaction distance
- Braking Distance on Web-Dry Surface: Besides the speed at which the vehicle is travelling, braking distance gets affected and can increase by the below-mentioned points:
- The Vehicle’s weight.
- Brakes condition, in case of worn out discs/or pads longer time, is taken by vehicle to stop on wet weather.
- Wet or icy roads increases the braking distance.
- The condition of the road surface- On well-maintained roads with smooth surface less braking distance is there, whereas gravel, dirt and mud on the road will increase braking distance.
Further, the braking depends on the efficiency of your vehicle’s brakes. The following vehicle-related aspects are also to be considered when calculating the braking time and distance.
Braking with locked wheels
There is very less variability in stopping distance when braking with locked wheels, but however, on the wet roads, there is a much more dramatic reduction in friction which can result in your vehicle ploughing ahead on entry to a corner. A sudden locking of wheels gives you feeling of your having a vehicle with ASB system, as this type of braking with locked wheels is not recommended with ordinary braking systems.
Tires pressures and grip
With lower pressure in tires increases the size of the contact patch. So letting out some air from tires (of course as per the manufacturer’s guidelines) will help to have more grip in wet conditions. But all this can be done up to a certain point.
The depth of tread in tire and braking distance: Research has confirmed that tires with more tread depth have a greater ability to stop the vehicle at a small distance in the wet and icy roads. Extra 8 meters is required if the tread depth is 25% or less to stop the vehicle and 13 meters if the tread depth is less than 10%. Brakes work better if they are 100% working and if their slight variation in the efficiency level sudden braking leads to the brake failure all of a sudden in the emergency. So brakes should be always kept in the perfect working condition always.
If you ever face brake problem or need brake replacement service in Auckland, you can come to Sterling Clutch and Brake Auckland and can get brakes of your vehicle checked and in the event it needs any service or replacement then that can done with genuine parts within minimum time and make your vehicle fit to drive safely on road again and let you and your family enjoy the drive. Otherwise, you can book your appointment with us calling @ 09 636 4919 or you can contact us on http://Sterlingbrake.co.nz.
The anti-lock braking system, popularly known as ABS system, is a safety system which prevents the wheels on the vehicle locking up in a sudden braking condition due to panic, or if you are driving on a slick and slippery surface. It is a safety anti-skid braking system used in cars, motorcycles, trucks, and buses. ABS operates by preventing the wheels from locking during braking, thereby maintaining tractive contact with the road surface.
Started as one of the safety advancement in the automotive world, Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) has come a long way from being an option to a near necessity. The theory behind the ABS brake is simple. A skidding wheel has less traction than a nonskidding wheel. ABS brakes provide two ways of benefit, stopping is faster and you will be able to steer while stopping.
HOW ABS Brakes Works
There are four main components to an ABS system; the speed sensors, the pump, the valves and the controller. Sensors for sensing the speed are located in each wheel or in the differential, they provide information that the wheel is about to lock up. The valves are located in each line at the brakes and they pass thru, stop the release of brake fluid from the master cylinder to activate the ABS system. The controller is the computer in the car. It watches the speed sensors and the control valves.
When the driver applies the brake, wheel speed sensors determine if one or more wheels are trying to lock up during the braking. If a wheel tries to lock up, a series of hydraulic valves limit or reduce the braking on that wheel. This prevents skidding and allows the driver to maintain steering control. ABS allows the driver to brake and steer at the same time and increases vehicles safety. This is quite different from the traditional brake system. If you ever encounter any problem with brake you can get brake repair service in Auckland from Sterling Clutch and brake Auckland.
Benefits of Antilock Braking System
Anti-lock brakes come as standard fitment in the most modern vehicle- and this is not without reason. In general anti-lock brakes are very advantageous. They help the driver to have more stability on car thereby preventing out of control situations, particularly on the wet and slippery roads. The ABS systems in the car provide the following benefits.
- Anti-lock braking system (ABS) provides a guarantee of stable braking on all road surfaces, especially on wet and slippery surfaces, hence avoids overturning of the vehicle.
- ABS helps in reduction of wheels friction on the road, thus increasing the efficiency of tires up to 30%
- ABS fitted vehicles can be stopped at a lesser distance than a non-ABS vehicle.
- With ABS steering control is very effective, i.e., the vehicle can be steered smoothly when the brake is applied, thus the chance of an accident is minimized.
- A driver without experience can drive ABS vehicle effectively, then an experienced driver on the non-ABS vehicle.
- The value of ABS technology fitted vehicles for resale is more. Since the ABS is standard issue on today’s vehicle, in resale ABS vehicle fetch more value than non-ABS vehicles.
- ABS fitted vehicles are less involved in the accident, so their insurance costs are reduced over the period.
The advantages of ABS are significant and outweigh any drawbacks. Certain problems like stop time consistency, problems in snow and gravel and replacement cost is much more than the ordinary brake system. Whatever are the minor drawbacks ABS system is now a standard feature in all new vehicles and most drivers take it for granted?
If you are sure about your car ABS brake maintenance or regular brake maintenance of your vehicle come to Sterling Clutch and Brake Auckland and get brake replacement service in Hamilton or call @ 09 636 4919. You can also get brake pads replacement service in Hamilton. For any query, you can also contact us on http://Sterlingbrake.co.nz.